Ptpd-ceo2/.-al2o3 catalysts for voc treatment of exhaust gases

Tatiana Yuzhakova1, J zsef Kov cs1, kos R dey1, Rares Scurtu2, Zs fia Kov cs1, Viola Somogyi1, Endre Domokos1, Istv n R duly3, Lenke R duly3

1 Institute of Environmental Engineering, University of Pannonia, 10 Egyetem St., Veszpr m, 8200 Hungary
2 Ilie Murgulescu Institute of Physical Chemistry, Romanian Academy, 202 Splaiul Independentei, 060021 Bucharest, Romania
3 Faculty of Economics and Business Management, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, 520036 Sfantu Gheorghe, Romania

Abstract


The study was focused on the catalytic elimination of hydrocarbons from the exhaust gases of car engines. Moreover the quantitative determination of the BTEX components (benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, m-, p-, o xylenes) of the exhaust gases was carried out for untreated and treated model exhaust gases using gas mixture containing BTEX components in amount of 1 ppm. Aggregator without three-way catalyst was used for simulation of the exhaust gas mixture which is similar to that of Otto-type engines. PtPd-CeO2/.-Al2O3 catalyst was used for the treatment of exhaust gas in the catalytic test system. The catalyst was prepared by impregnation method. Active components of the catalytic system included ceria and noble metals (Pt, Pd <1 wt%). .Al2O3 was used as a support. Untreated and treated exhaust model gases were investigated by GC and GC-MS off-line analytical techniques. About 65 hydrocarbon components were identified in the untreated exhaust gas. Mainly olefins (e.g. ethylene, acetylene, propylene), iso-, normal paraffins (C4-C9) and cyclic hydrocarbons having one aromatic ring (e.g. benzene, propylbenzene) were detected. The primary results indicated that the catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons including BTEX was in the range of 23-100 %.

Keywords


BTEX concentration; exhaust gas composition; GC-MS analysis; PtPd-CeO2/.-Al2O3 three-way catalyst

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