Reuse of magnesium wastes in hydrothermal synthesis of a magnesium borate mineral: admontite

Azmi Seyhun Kipcak, Fatma Tugce Senberber, Emek Moroydor Derun, Sabriye Piskin

Chemical Engineering Department of Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, 34210, Turkey

Abstract


Magnesium wastes are among the gradually ascending and therefore challenging metal wastes, which are produced by many industrial activities. The purpose of this study is the usage of magnesium waste, a raw material in magnesium borate production by hydrothermal synthesis. Boron sources (boric acid (H3BO3) and boron oxide (B2O3)) react with magnesium wastes in order to synthesize the magnesium borate mineral of admontite (MgO(B2O3)3.7(H2O)). In addition to the synthesis from waste magnesium, magnesium oxide (MgO) and B2O3 are also used to produce magnesium borates, in order to compare the results. Techniques of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy disperse (SEM-EDX) are used for further characterization analysis. The products boron oxide contents and overall yields are also calculated. According to the results, synthesized minerals are identified as admontite (MgO(B2O3)3.7(H2O)), mcallisterite (Mg2(B6O7(OH)6)2.9(H2O)) and magnesium borate hydrate (MgB6O7(OH)6.3(H2O)). It is seen that magnesium borates could be obtained as a mixture of different types of magnesium borate minerals or pure magnesium borate. A pure magnesium borate mineral of admontite is synthesized at the reaction temperature of 100oC and the reaction time of 240 minutes using magnesium waste (W) and both H3BO3 (W) and B2O3 (B). B2O3 content and overall yields of pure admontite for the W-H were found as 51.15 0.52% and 81.45 3.20%, respectively. Similarly, pure admontite synthesized from W-B have the 51.72 0.52% of B2O3 content and 74.56 3.20% overall reaction yield.

Keywords


admontite; hydrothermal synthesis; magnesium borate; magnesium waste; overall yield

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