Removal of copper from industrial wastewater using manganese ferrite nanoparticles: evaluation of equilibrium and kinetic model

Naim Sezgin

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, 34320, Avcilar, Istanbul, Turkey E-mail: nsezgin@istanbul.edu.tr

Abstract


In this study, the removal of Cu(II) from real industrial wastewater, being taken from galvanotechnic industry, by means of manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles (NPs) was investigated. The effects of pH, adsorbent dosage, and contact time on Cu(II) removal from wastewater were monitored using the real wastewater while the effect of initial concentration was studied on synthetic aqueous solutions. Optimal conditions were found for copper removal in this study. Cu(II) removal and adsorption capacity of MnFe2O4 NPs were achieved as 84.25% and 43.02 mg/g, respectively. In addition, other optimum conditions such as pH, adsorbent dosage and contact time were found as 5, 2 g/L and 120 min in this study, respectively. The removal of copper using MnFe2O4 NPs was fitted with Freundlich isotherm and pseudo second-order kinetic models. According to data obtained from desorption studies, MnFe2O4 NPs are regenerable and can be used several times. The results indicated that MnFe2O4 NPs are suitable adsorbents for removing Cu(II) from industrial wastewater.

Keywords


adsorption; copper; manganese ferrite; nanoparticle; real wastewater treatment

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