Wwtp model calibration based on different optimization approaches

Melinda Varhelyi1, Vasile-Mircea Cristea1, Marius Brehar1, Evelina-Diana Nemes1, Abhilash Nair2

1 Babe.-Bolyai University, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 11 Arany J nos Street, 400028 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2 Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 5003, 1432 Aas, Norway


There is a significant interest in modelling the wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) because with a calibrated model a large variety of operational strategies can be evaluated, the control system design may be improved and enhanced constructive alternatives may be proposed. The Activated Sludge Model No. 1 (ASM1) has the potential of describing the biochemical processes taking place in WWTPs, in association with the Benchmark Simulation Model No. 1 (BSM1) which adds the description of the involved physical processes. An important challenge for reliable simulators development is the dynamically changing composition of the influent wastewater, also varying from one WWTP to another. Due to this reason, it is necessary to fit the model for each WWTP. This paper proposes a new methodology for the dynamic simulator calibration of a municipal WWTP. Different optimization methods are used for the simulator calibration and results of the different approaches are comparatively presented. Based on WWTP measurements a set of influent variables, bioreactor parameters and settler parameters are calibrated. Optimization was carried out based on classical, genetic, hybrid and Pareto multiobjective algorithms and their performance is discussed, revealing their strengths and limitations.


activated sludge model no. 1; model calibration; optimization methods; wastewater treatment

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