Determination of water quality parameters in izmit bay (marmara sea) and concentrations of heavy metals by icp-oes

Arzu Morkoyunlu Yuce1, Huseyin Altundag2

1 Kocaeli University, Hereke Asim Kocabiyik Vocational Schools, 41000 Kocaeli/Turkey
2 Sakarya University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry, 54187, Sakarya, Turkiye

Abstract


In this paper, seawater heavy metal concentrations (Al, As, Cu, Ba, Zn, Fe, Cd, Co, Cr, Pb, Mn, Mo and Ni) measured by ICP-OES and water quality parameters (NH4-N, NO3-, N, NO3, PO4-P, PO4-3, suspended solids, temperature, conductivity, pH and dissolved oxygen) were evaluated in Izmit Bay (The Marmara Sea). The study was carried out seasonally between December 2016 and September 2017 at four separate sampling stations. The mean concentrations of heavy metals in mg L-1 were: Al: 0.074, As: 0.020, Cu: 0.020, Ba: 0.043, Zn: 0.091, Fe: 0.253, Cd: 0.010, Co: 0.022, Cr: 0.010, Pb: 0.010, Mn: 0.291, Mo: 0.013 and Ni: 0.014. The mean annual value of water quality parameters were: NH4-N: 0.19, NO3-N: 1.79, NO3-: 8.16, PO4-P: 0.20, PO4-3: 0.37, suspended solids:16.61 mg L-1, temperature: 16.47 C, conductivity: 38.19 S/cm, pH: 7.52 and dissolved oxygen: 9.52 mg L-1. Generally, when the physical and chemical parameters measured at the sampling stations were evaluated according to above-ground water quality regulation, the water quality was Class II, as defined by national regulations. The correlation between physico-chemical parameters and heavy metals measured at the research stations was investigated. There was a negative correlation between NO3and both Cu and Mn (p<0.05). There was also a positive correlation between suspended solids and As (p<0.05). concentrations of Fe and Mn values were found to be high at the 2st and 4nd stations. This is probably due to the fact that there are many maritime port facilities around the stations and intensive port transportation. Other heavy metal concentrations were found to be in accordance with the criteria..

Keywords


heavy metals; ICP-OES; Izmit Bay; physico-chemical parameters

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