Sustainability assessment for solar plant and wind power projects for con co island, quang tri province, vietnam

Le Trinh Hai1,2,5, Pham Hoang Hai1, Nguyen Ngoc Khanh3, Nguyen Khanh Van1, Tran Van Thuy4, Le Thi Thu Hien1, Vuong Quoc Chien2,5, Hoang Bac1, Tran Anh Dung6, Jan Kuilman2,5, Lai Vinh Cam1, Luc Hens2,5

1 Institute of Geography, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
2 Human Ecology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 103 Laarbeeklaan, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
3 Institute of Sustainable Development of Central Region, Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences, 01 Lieu Giai, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam
4 Faculty of Environmental Science, Hanoi University of Science, 334 Nguyen Trai, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi, Vietnam
5 Human Ecology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 103 Laarbeeklaan, 1090 Brussels, Belgium
6 General Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, Ministry of Health, 138A Giang Vo, Ba Dinh, Hanoi, Vietnam

Abstract


Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Programme mentioned in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is one of the main initiatives of the world community to limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. In Vietnam, solar plant and wind power development are two important resolutions to address the impact of climate change and GHG reduction. To evaluate the sustainability of these projects, a solar plant and wind power project on Con Co Island, Quang Tri province, Vietnam is taken as a case study. The analytic hierarchy process and multi-criteria assessment are applied as the main measurement instruments. Scenario I provides the sustainability scores of composite sustainable development index (ICSD: 0.509) for the solar plant and for the wind plant (ICSD: 0.490). In Scenario II both power projects score high (the solar plant ICSD: 0.86 and the wind power ICSD: 0.838). The multi-indicator assessment allows evaluating the two projects on the island. The results of this study indicated that, these projects help to reduce the environmental pollution and improve the local life. In addition, it raises the awareness of decision-makers about the values of the energy systems as part of the CDM.

Keywords


analytic hierarchy process; clean development mechanism; solar plant; sustainability assessment; wind power

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only