Surface chemistry studies on molybdena alumina catalyst

Tatiana Yuzhakova1, kos R dey1, Endre Domokos1, J zsef Kov cs1, Monica Caldararu2, Cristian Hornoiu2, Mariana Carata2, G. Postole2, Cornel Munteanu2, Larisa Strukova3, Jozsef Fazakas4

1 University of Veszprem, P.O.Box 158, Veszprem, H-8200, Hungary;
2 " I.G.Murgulescu "Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Romanian Academy Spl. Independentei 202,060041, POB 194, Romania;
3 Ural State Technical University, 19 Mira str, Ekaterinburg, 620002, Russia;
4 Sfantu Gheorghe Faculty of Babes-Bolyai University, 163 Ciucului, C.P.185, Sfantu Gheorche, 4000, Romania

Abstract


Molybdena-alumina (Mo/Al2O3) catalysts are widely used in the chemical and petrochemical industry because of their great importance in hydrogenation and hydrodesulfuration processes. Hydrogenation of heavy distillates can convert aromatics (benzene) into naphthenes (cyclohexane), which are cleaner-burning compounds and have less hazardous impact. Mildly reduced molybdena-alumina catalyst at 773 up to 973 K is suitable only for hydrogen-deuterium exchange of benzene, but for higher extent of catalyst reduction (at 1073-1173K) deuteration (hydrogenation) products of benzene can be observed. This research has been focused on the monitoring the surface active sites of Mo/Al2O3 catalyst after pretreatment in hydrogen at 773 and 1173 K by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic method. Presence of Al3+tet (IR band at 2234 cm-1), Mo5+(2205cm-1), Mo2+(2050cm-1), possibly Mo4+, Mo3+ together with Al3+oct (broad peak at 2191cm-1) and Al-OH (2150cm-1) species was confirmed by low temperature (78K) adsorption of CO molecules after reduction of catalyst at 773K. Increasing the reduction temperature from 773 to 1173K diminishes Mo5+ and increases the population of Mo2+, Mo0 (2025 and 1991cm-1) species. The disappearance of the band corresponding to physically adsorbed CO (at 2150 cm-1) for the catalyst reduced at higher temperature supports the idea of occurrence of the dehydroxylation process. FTIR results are in agreement with the catalytic test, where the activity of catalyst for deuterium exchange of benzene decreases with increase extent of reduction of molybdena-alumina catalyst and with the extent of dehydroxylation of the catalyst.

Keywords


molybdena-alumina catalyst; hydrotreating; FTIR CO adsorption

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