Removal of cadmium (ii) from aqueous media using cooh/tud-1 mesoporous solid. kinetic and thermodynamic studies

Nabila Bensacia1, Ioana Fechete1, Sa d Moulay2, Sa da Debbih-Boustila1, Anne Boos3, Fran ois Garin1

1 Institut de Chimie et Proc d s pour l'Energie, l'Environnement et la Sant (ICPEES), UMR 7515 CNRS, Universit de Strasbourg, 25 rue Becquerel, 67087, Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
2 Laboratoire de Chimie-Physique Mol culaire et Macromol culaire, D partement de Chimie Industrielle, Facult de Technologie, Universit Sa d Dahlab de Blida, B. P. 270, Route de Soum a, 09000, Blida, Alg rie
3 Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), UMR 7178 CNRS, Universit de Strasbourg, 25 rue Becquerel, 67087, Strasbourg Cedex 2, France

Abstract


The adsorption potential of 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1 material for removing Cd2+ from aqueous solutions was investigated via the batch technique, and the effects of pH, temperature and contact time were studied. Experimental data showed that the maximum Cd2+ adsorption, 90%, occurred at pH 6. The adsorption equilibrium was reached within 35 min for 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1. The adsorption mechanism was investigated in terms of its thermodynamics and kinetics. The adsorption data were fitted using the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, and the obtained modeling equilibrium adsorption data suggested that the 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1 sample contained homogeneous adsorption sites that fit the Langmuir adsorption model well. The pseudo-secondorder model described well the 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1 adsorption process. The positive values of both .H and .S suggest, respectively, an endothermic reaction and an increase in randomness at the solid-liquid interface during the adsorption of Cd2+ onto the COOH/TUD-1 adsorbents. And, .G values obtained were all negative, indicating a spontaneous adsorption process. Desorption and regeneration experiments indicated that 98% of the metals were desorbed. COOH/TUD-1 samples were characterized using N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

Keywords


adsorption; Cadmium; COOH/TUD-1; mesoporous sorbents

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only