Facile synthesis of bismuth oxide nanoparticles by a hydrolysis solvothermal route and their visible light photocatalytic activity

Xiaowen Luan, Jian Jiang, Qingya Yang, Minmin Chen, Maolin Zhang, Longfeng Li

Huaibei Normal University, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Huaibei 235000, China


The bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) nanoparticles are easily synthesized from a solution of bismuth nitrate pentahydrate (Bi(NO3)3 5H2O) in ethylene glycol by a hydrolysis solvothermal route at temperatures of 120-150.C. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy are used to characterize the products. The results show that the reaction temperature, the reaction duration and the initial solution concentration play important roles in the formation of the Bi2O3 nanoparticles, and all the as-synthesized Bi2O3 samples have the cubic phase structure. In addition, studies of the photocatalytic properties by exposure to visible light irradiation demonstrate that the as-obtained Bi2O3 nanoparticles show potential photocatalytic application.


bismuth oxide; nanocrystalline materials; photocatalyst; semiconductors

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