Coagulation characteristics of organic pollutants removal in cso wastewater treatment

Wei-gang Wang1, Zu-xin Xu1, Huai-zheng Li2, Wei Jin1

1 State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2 Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Water Environment, Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

Abstract


In this work, coagulation features and characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in combined sewer overflow (CSO) wastewater were investigated. Ferric chloride (FeCl3) and polyaluminum chloride (PAC) were employed in the coagulation process. Results showed that both FeCl3 and PAC are effective in removing turbidity and total phosphorus (TP). Removal efficiencies were all above 90% when dosages were reasonable. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was between 60% and 70%. The removal efficiency of ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N) and total nitrogen (TN) was 10% 20% only. Comparisons of the removal efficiency for COD, turbidity, NH4+-N, TN, and TP in different concentrations of raw wastewater with the same dosages of FeCl3 and PAC were also investigated. Results showed that water quality of raw wastewater is one of the influential parameters for the optimized treatment of CSO wastewater. The molecular weight (MW) distribution of DOM in the initial and the coagulated samples was determined by gel filtration chromatography (GFC) and ultrafiltration technology. Compared with the initial wastewater, coagulated samples had much narrower distributions of MW. DOM fraction that MW> 30kDa, especially fractions that MW> 100kDa, can be removed effectively by coagulation using FeCl3 and PAC.

Keywords


coagulation; CSO wastewater; dissolved organic matter; GFC; ultrafiltration

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