Efficiency of a fishpond at east calcutta wetlands in improvement of water quality

Abhishek Roy Goswami1,2,5, Utpal Singha Roy3, Anulipi Aich1,4, Buddhadeb Chattopadhyay1, Siddhartha Datta2,5, Subhra Kumar Mukhopadhyay6

1 Government College of Engg. and Leather Technology, LB III, Salt Lake City, Kolkata-700 098
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700 032, India
3 Department of Zoology, Durgapur Government College, J. N Avenue, Durgapur 14, India
4 Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700 032, India
5 Department of Chemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata-700 032, India
6 Department of Zoology, Hooghly Mohsin College, Chinsurah-712 101, India

Abstract


The Storm Water Flow (SWF) and the Dry Weather Flow (DWF) canals carry composite industrial and municipal effluent (nearly 50,000 m3 d-1) from Kolkata city. Wastewater from SWF and DWF canals is used for pisciculture at the East Calcutta Wetland (ECW) for nearly a century. A wastewater fed pisciculture pond was selected to study the efficiency of the pond in treatment of wastewater. Monthly changes of hydraulic variables viz. inflow and outflow rates, depth, hydraulic loading rates, detention time of water at the pond were estimated. The monthly and seasonal changes of removal efficiency (RE) of TDS, TSS, alkalinity, hardness, phosphate, nitrate, BOD, COD, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb and dependence of the RE values upon hydraulic variables, physicochemical and biological factors were also explored. The hydraulic variables (water depth, inflow volumes, hydraulic loading rate and detention time) revealed a definite seasonal fluctuation pattern influenced primarily by rainfall. Efficient reduction of BOD, COD and the elements from the fishpond was recorded. Most of the factors showed higher mean seasonal removal efficiencies during monsoon and post-monsoon. The ameliorative efficiency of the wastewater-fed fish pond proved to be quite good when compared to natural and constructed wetlands. The average detention time of wastewater at the pond was calculated to be about 34 days and the period would be essential for the pond to ameliorate the pollutant load of the raw composite wastewater at the ECW.

Keywords


amelioration; detention time; East Calcutta Wetlands; removal efficiency; wastewater

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