Competitive biosorption of pb(ii), cu(ii), cd(ii) and zn(ii) using composted livestock waste in batch and column experiments

Mingliang Zhang1, Haixia Wang1, Louis M. McDonald2, Zhenqi Hu3

1 School of Resources and Environment, University of Jinan, Jinan, China, 250022
2 Division of Plant and Soil Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA, 26506
3 Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing, China, 100083

Abstract


Composted livestock waste (CLW) was studied as one low-cost material to remove Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from simulated acid mine drainage (AMD) by batch and column experiments. The adsorption isotherm data were well fitted by the Langmuir model. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities were 0.5485 mmol/g for Pb(II), 0.4092 mmol/g for Cu(II), 0.2246 mmol/g for Cd(II), and 0.1879 mmol/g for Zn(II) at pH 4.0. Due to the competition effect, the adsorption capacity of the single metal ion decreased in the multiple metals system compared with single metal system. The removal equilibrium for Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) occurred at pH of 3.0-3.5, 4.0-4.5, 4.5-5.0 and 6.0-6.5, respectively. There was relatively high adsorption efficiency even in acid conditions (pH 2-4), especially for Pb(II). Breakthrough curves demonstrated the effectiveness of adsorption in column experiment for treatment of heavy metals in AMD. This study confirmed that CLW could be efficient for heavy metal ions removal from acid mine drainage or acidic coal refuse leachate.

Keywords


competitive biosorption; composted livestock waste; heavy metal; isotherm

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