Land planning as a support for sustainable development based on tourism: a case study of slovak rural region

Michal Klauco1, Bohuslava Gregorova1, Peter Koleda2, Ugljesa Stankov3, Vladimir Markovic3, Polina Lemenkova4

1 Matej Bel University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geography, Geology and Landscape Ecology, Tajovsk ho 40, 974 01 Bansk Bystirca, Slovakia
2 Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute, Gagarinova 10, 827 13 Bratislava, Slovakia
3 University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel Management, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
4 Dresden University of Technology, Department of Geosciences, Institute for Cartography, Helmholtzstra e 10, 01069 Dresden, Germany

Abstract


Current research details methodological framework for the land planning of the recreational activities based on ecologic approach. Human impacts on landscapes caused by touristic activities should be in accordance with sustainability level, i.e. without changing natural landscape elements, their function and processes, as well as environmental quality. Region of tiavnick Bane in Slovakia represents a case study area that is completely under nature and landscape conservation. The methodological framework for the planning of recreational activities is based on the methodology of ecologic carrying capacity which is implemented by the Landscape ecological planning. The main result from this work is suitable tourism activities determined by the ecological approach. Methodological steps include spatial analysis, interpretation, evaluations and propositions which were suggested for recreational activities. The most suitable activities for winter periods are downhill skiing, cross-country skiing and winter tourism. For the summer period the best activities are the following ones: hiking, water sports and recreational activities linked to watering and sport fishing. The most suitable activities for the year-round period are service facilities and therapeutic recreational facilities. This sum of the activities represents the level of the land using that has not any negative environmental impact.

Keywords


environmental management; land use planning; landscape management; nature-based tourism; sustainable development; sustainable tourism

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