Adsorption characteristics of cr(vi) on carbonizedeupatorium adenophorum spreng

Chen Jin-fa1, Guo Yong2, Song Da-gangt1, Yang Shat1

1 School of Engineering science of Xichang College, Xichang 615013, China
2 College of Chemistry of Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, China


The potential use of a novel low-cost adsorbent, Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng, as a solution to remove Cr(VI) ions from aqueous was reported. Effects of various regulating parameters, such as pH value of reaction, adsorbent dosage and temperature, were investigated. To fit the adsorption equilibrium data, Langmuir isotherm and Freundlich isotherm were invoked. Additionally, thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption process, such as !iG, !iS and !iH, were also calculated. The results indicated that carbon temperature 823 K and carbon time 45 min were the optimum conditions to prepare the adsorbent for the removal of Cr(VI), and the condition of pH=l maximized the adsorption capacity. Cr(VI) was reduced to Cr(III) in the adsorption process. Kinetics studies showed that the adsorption system may be described by the pseudo-second-order equation kinetic model. The Freundlich isotherm adsorption model showed the best fit with experimental data (R2=0.9465) and the overall adsorption process was exothermic and spontaneous.


adsorption; Cr(VI); Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng; kinetic; thermodynamics

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