Physiological, phylogenetic and functional identification of crude oil-degrading microbial populations

Yujia Liu1, Yuan Zhao1, Muwang Li2, Zhibao Zhu1, Yuting Liang3

1 School of Environmental and Safety Engineering, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213164, China
2 The Sericultural Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhenjiang 212018, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China

Abstract


In this study, nine microbial strains with oil-degrading function were isolated from oil-contaminated soil near four oil wells in the 0.6 km2 area of the Jinnan Oil Field, Huaian, Jiangsu, China (32 57' N, 119 02' E). Based on morphological observations, physiological and biochemical responses, and molecular identification, we confirmed that the nine strains belong to five genera: Pseudomonas, Raoultella, Lysinibacillus, Escherichia, and Klebsiella. The degradation capacity of the nine strains in crude oil medium ranged from 2.43% to 32.63% with an average rate of 21.64%. Further plasmid and chromosome analyses on the oil-degrading genes of the nine microbial strains were conducted. The GST gene (degradable polycyclic aromatics) was widely distributed in the chromosomes of eight strains and the plasmids of three strains. The alkB gene was detected in the chromosomes of seven strains and the plasmids of two strains. The LmPH gene (degradable phenolic substances) was only detected in the chromosome of one strain. Molecular biological analyses on the isolation, identification, and degradation characteristics of oil-degrading microbial strains provide a foundation for microbial remediation in oil-polluted environments.

Keywords


biodegradation; functional gene analysis; molecular identification; oil pollution

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