A system dynamics - based economic performance simulation of construction waste reduction management: effective application of prefabrication

Ahsen Maqsoom1, Asad Ali Qureshi Hashmi1, Muhammad Zeeshan2, Qumail Arshad1, Adnan Nawaz1, Badar ul Ali Zeeshan1, Hammad Salahuddin1

1 Civil Engineering Department, COMSATS University Islamabad, Wah Campus, Quaid Avenue, GT Road, Wah Cantt, Pakistan
2 Institute of Environmental Sciences and Engineering (IESE), National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan


Cost effective management of construction and demolition waste (C&DW) has become a serious issue with increased construction activity and modern urban lifestyle which is damaging environment, eating up resources and causing rapid land use changes. These factors have influenced the construction industry significantly and therefore gained the practitioners attention in recent past. New strategies of C&DW reduction management are being devised and reported; this research aims at providing a better C&DW management technique which will benefit the construction industry in terms of waste reduction and consequent cost-benefit. The main focus of this research is restrained to prefabrication of construction material and its effects on economy of tall buildings. The data collected from traditional methods for CDW management and prefabrication factories is based on interviewed surveys from project managers, quantity surveyors and experienced site managers. The collected data is then processed into System dynamics using VENSIM PLE by creating causal relationships with dependent and independent variables. Economic theory in contrast with conventional and prefabrication methods of construction has been incorporated in this study. Results show that usage of prefabrication technique proves to be more economical in managing C&DW. Construction waste management through prefabrication technique shows a reduction of cost around 79% as compared to that in construction through conventional methods. This suggests that prefabrication technique can considerably reduce C&DW as well as costs for its management accordingly.


construction and demolition waste; economic performance; prefabrication; recycling; system dynamics

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