Effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on zea mays development and growth under heavy metal and salt stress condition

Annamaria Becze1,2,3, Eva-Boglarka Vincze2,3,4, Hilda-Maria Varga2,3, Mara Gyongyver2,3

1 Politehnica University of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Material Sciences, Department of Analytical Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, 1-7 Polizu Street, 011061-Bucharest, Romania
2 Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, Faculty of Economics, Socio-Human Sciences and Engineering, Libertatii sq., 1, 530104 - Miercurea Ciuc, Romania
3 Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, Faculty of Economics, Socio-Human Sciences and Engineering, Libertatii sq., 1, 530104 - Miercurea Ciuc, Romania
4 University of P cs, Faculty of Science, Doctoral School of Chemistry, Vasv ri P l Street 4., 7622 - P cs, Hungary

Abstract


Plants, being sessile organisms are exposed to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. Bacteria, living in the rhizosphere of the plants can be beneficial, exhibiting plant growth promotion effect and inducing the stress tolerance of the plant. Therefore, studies regarding the role of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) in the stress management of the plants have received increasing attention. In the present study, we studied the stress tolerance and beneficial trait maintenance of 30 PGPR strains under stress condition. From a total of 17 heavy metal and salt stress tolerant bacterial strains, two Cd and Zn tolerant PGPR strains Viridibacillus sp. (BP13) and Defltia acidovorans (BP12) as well as two salt tolerant strains Pantoea agglomerans (8G/3) and Serratia fonticola (BB17) were selected for plant experiments. When heavy metal and salt stress were applied, the beneficial effect of PGP bacterial inoculation on maize plant growth and development was confirmed only sporadically. Stress mitigation was observed in the case of Viridibacillus sp. (BP13) and Defltia acidovorans (BP12) strains (0.1 mM Cd treatment), Serratia fonticola (BB17) (until 3 g/L NaCl) and Pantoea agglomerans (8G/3) (5 g/L NaCl). Despite the sporadically observed beneficial effect of the PGP bacterial inoculation on plant growth and development; a higher guaiacol peroxidase (GPOX) activity observed under Viridibacillus sp. (BP13) bacterial inoculation in the presence of heavy metal stress, as well as Pantoea agglomerans (8G/3) and Serratia fonticola (BB17) inoculation in the case of salt stress revealed that PGP bacterial strains increased the plant tolerance to abiotic stressors.

Keywords


abiotic stress; maize; plant growth; plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR)

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