A model for urban forest management planning: istanbul case study

Murat Kose1, Simay Kirca2, Alev Perihan Gurbey2, Serhun Saglam3, Hande Sanem Cinar2, Emrah Ozdemir4, Ali Ayhan Kul5, Tevfik Hakan Altincekic2, Canturk Gumus6

1 Department of Forest Engineering, Faculty of Forestry, Bursa Technical University, 16310, Bursa, Turkey
2 Department of Landscape Planning and Design, Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, 34473, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, 34473, Istanbul, Turkey
4 Department of Forest Yield and Biometrics, Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, 34473, Istanbul, Turkey
5 Marmara Forestry Research Institute, Istanbul, Turkey
6 Department of Forest Economy, Faculty of Forestry, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, Turkey


Urban forests have become important elements of cities green fabric providing many ecosystem services including recreation. In this study, we proposed a model for urban forest management planning in the example of Istanbul, where urban sprawl has transformed the green infrastructure of the city dramatically. To this purpose, a total of 201 surveys were conducted through faceto-face interviews including those working as managers and technical staff in the forestry organization in Istanbul, academicians and NGOs. Subjects to be surveyed were determined according to the layered-simple random sampling method. The data were evaluated by descriptive statistics based on a variety of opinions about urban forest management planning in Turkey along with various socio-economic variables (gender, profession and experience). Whether there was any statistically significant difference between the groups was determined by Kruskal-Wallis H-Test. In case a difference was found, Duncan s Multiple Range Test was applied to detect the group(s) significantly different from each other. The results revealed that mainly males agreed on the purpose of urban forests as addressing recreational and social needs. All groups highlighted the lack of coordination and poor management system as main problems, while experienced and male subjects addressed that a new urban forest law is necessary. Mainly academicians and representatives of NGO s and related institutions suggested redefining the concept and restructuring the legislation concerning urban forests. In terms of activities, the majority favored hiking and sightseeing activities (51%), photography (42%), and extreme sports (37%). There was an emphasis on the need for sufficient number of hiking, climbing and cycling trails and botanical gardens. As a result, a model plan based on sustainable resource management ensuring multi-purpose utilization was proposed.


multi-purpose use; sustainability; urban forest governance; urban forest management planning; urban forestry

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