Converting end-of-life plastic waste into methanol: the gasiforming process as new, efficient and circular pathway

Kristiano Prifti1, Andrea Galeazzi1, Irene Margarita2, Andrea Papale2, Sergio Miele3, Enrica Bargiacchi3, Massimo Barbieri4, Michelangelo Petea2, Flavio Manenti1

1 Politecnico di Milano, CMIC Dept. Giulio Natta , Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy
2 ACEA SpA, P.le Ostiense 2, 00154 Roma, Italy
3 INSTM, Interuniversitary National Consortium for Material Sciences and Technologies, Via G. Giusti 9, 50121 Firenze, Italy
4 Politecnico di Milano, Technology Transfer Office, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy

Abstract


The mixed plastic waste problem is becoming an important issue in scientific and technological communities in light of the environmental pollution caused by its poorly management. In this paper a new and efficient thermo-catalytic pathway to convert plastic waste into methanol is presented in its key features and global yields. The process has been mainly developed in silico using Aspen HYSYS V10 with support from experimental data where simulation could not provide reliable information such as the gasification step. Consolidated kinetic models are used both for the reforming and methanol synthesis steps, while the pre-reforming reactor is simulated at the thermodynamic equilibrium. The temperature, pressure, and mass flow balances of the system are reported alongside some of the most important key performance indicators for reforming (methane slip) and methanol synthesis (SN ratio).

Keywords


circular economy; methanol; plasmix; plastic wastes; process simulation

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only