Research on regional ecological compensation in china: a focus on carbon equality

Junwen Cao1,2, Yuxin Xie1

1 School of Statistics and Data Science, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
2 Centre for Applied Statistical Research, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China


According to the purpose of balancing development between regional economy and carbon emissions, a rational carbon ecological compensation strategy may strongly promote the process of carbon reduction and sink increase. On this premise, this study designs a carbon ecological compensation scheme based on the principle of relative carbon equality and combines data from 2000-2019 in China to draw some favorable conclusions. The results show that: as far as the distribution of carbon sources and sinks is concerned, the overall regional distribution in China presents an inequality; in the near future, the relative balance strategy is more operable and reasonable than the absolute balance strategy; the relative balance strategy gives more compensation to regions with low carbon share and high carbon sink share, which is conducive to alleviating inter-regional inequality, promoting inter-regional coordinated development, and ultimately promoting the achievement of carbon neutrality goals.


carbon equality; carbon source; carbon sink; ecological compensation; regional analysis

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